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00:00:00 - Juanita's Early Life in Ravenswood, West Virginia

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Partial Transcript: Tell me about yourself.

Segment Synopsis: Juanita Shockey Harris talks about her early life in Ravenswood, West Virginia, as well as Ohio. She speaks about her memories of the type of life she lived on a farm. Juanita shares her experiences through describing the landscape of her home, out in the country. She also describes her birth in her home, and how that impacted her older sister. Their relationship started off rocky with jealousy, but grew as they did chores on the farm together (for example: "shutting up the chickens at night"). When it came to family she talks about how she was constantly visited ("about every sunday") her grandparents and attended church weekly all her life. She would often help her grandmother with the dishes after church, and dinner. Next, she would sit with her grandfather and listen to his stories as times were different. She then goes into how she started her quilting with chicken feed sacks as her grandmother used the sacks in place for costly material for clothes, quilts, and so on. The process consisted of washing the 100 pound sacks then picking at them to make dresses, and quilts with every last scrap.

Keywords: Appalachian family life; Ohio; West Virginia; aunt; baby brother; birth; brother; brothers; chicken feed sack; chickens; chores; church; country; date of birth; dishes; doctor; dominos; economic; eggs; farm; farm life; father; father's job; feed; feed sacks; games; grandfather's death; grandmother; hobbies; hobby; horse and buggy; horses; house; jealous; life; maiden name; money; mother; old; personal; quilt; quilt maker; quilting; radio; sacks; siblings; sister; size; stories; television; town; transportation

Subjects: Agriculture--Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs

GPS: Ravenswood, West Virginia
Map Coordinates: 38.9531° N, 81.7614° W
00:08:38 - Juanita's Grandmother and Mother in her school days

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Partial Transcript: So your grandmother quilted. And she probably sewed clothes as well.

Segment Synopsis: Juanita describes the sewing habits that were necessary for their living style. Her grandmother made her own patterns then later on moved into buying patterns primarily for their clothes. Then she speaks about how her mother joined a ladies aid that would meet at the ladies houses for meetings where quilting would take place. Juanita does not know what happened with these quilts but remembers the frames the quilts would often be placed on. Grandpa Shockey made one frame that she wanted, and eventually received. However, it was smaller for the needs of those times. Her husband eventually helped her make bigger frames to help hold bigger quilts. She takes very much pride in her frames, patterns, and outcomes of the quilts that come from her frames. She remembers enjoying working on her mothers quilts, and has always enjoying the quilt making process.

Keywords: Grandmother; Ladies Aid; appreciation; beds; church; church organization; community; crafting frames; fall; fit; fitting; frames; generations; grandpa; house; husband; meetings; mother; passing on through generations; passion; patterns; pride; projects; proud; quality; quilt frame; quilts; retirement; school; sentimental; sew; sizes; skill; sow; summer; women; work

Subjects: Agriculture--Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Church history; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region

00:13:48 - Juanita's Earliest Memory of sewing

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Partial Transcript: What's your earliest memory of sewing?

Segment Synopsis: Juanita remembers her earliest memory of sewing, in which she sat with her father while he coached her. She sewed all around rather than leaving the necessary holes, her father then helped her cut out the appropriate holes. She also recalls her Christmas practices as a child where she would usually only get one doll, and some fruits and nuts. Juanita and her sister would spend much of the time making doll clothes for their babies, as well as making a doll house in one of the chick cribs/houses to play in. She states that her life was happy, and content, as a child. Her grandmother was sweet and was usually visited for a week or two at a time to spend time together which is where she learned to help her grandmother make clothes and do chores as she grew up.

Keywords: Christmas; Doll; baby chicks; brothers; clean; dad; doll dress; fall; father; first; first quilt; fruit; gifts; grandmother; happy; holidays; joy; learning; life; living room; love; manipulation; materials; memory; needle; nuts; play; playhouse; process; scraps; sew; sister; special; stove; summertime; time; trips; visiting

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Country life; Farm life--Appalachian Region; Food habits--Appalachian Region, Southern

00:17:59 - Juanita's First Thimble

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Partial Transcript: How did you come across your first thimble?

Segment Synopsis: Her grandmother introduced her to the importance of sewing with a thimble. Her grandmother bought her materials for a dress as well as a thimble to be able to sew with a thimble to prevent gauging her finger. She has sewed with thimbles ever since going through several thimbles throughout her life.

Keywords: Morgan's; cost; detail; first thimble; gauge; holes; importance; importance of thimble; learn; material; purchase; supplies; technique; thimble; usage; worn out

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs

00:19:19 - Juanita's Home Economics Project

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Partial Transcript: So in school you also had home economics.

Segment Synopsis: Juanita took home economics in school, where she participated in a quilt project. Each year she had a cooking project, as well as canning. To receive credit she need to take the class during summer and winter. For her final project she made a quilt, however, she cannot recall where the material was bought from. In piecing and appliqué she decided to add on pillows to her project. Her mother and grandmother assisted by helping pluck the feathers from the geese for the stuffing that was needed for the pillows. Her home economics teacher then visited her home for grading purposes, in which she got a fairly high grade for her quality work. However, she did not quilt much after that due to school.

Keywords: Dresden Plate; Home economics; Ohio; age; application; appliqué; break; break from quilting; can; canning; circle; class; cooking; course credit; crafting; credit; deigns; detail; dimensionality; eighth grade; fabrics; farm; feathers; first quilt; geese; grade; high school; intricacy; material; mother; move; piece; pillows; projects; quilt; school; seventh grade; sew; sister; skills; summer project; teacher; technique; teen; template; thirty-eight; thirty-nine; winter project; year

Subjects: Country life; Family farms; Farm life--Appalachian Region; Food habits--Appalachian Region, Southern; Food--Preservation; Food--Preservation--Appalachian Region; Home economics; Home economics extension work; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region

00:23:39 - Juanita's Life After High School and Husband

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Partial Transcript: What did you do when you graduated high school?

Segment Synopsis: After high school (class of 42') Juanita got married. She met her husband in the seventh grade, in Ohio. He used to walk her to church and spend a lot of time with Juanita as well as her family. After she moved back to West Virginia he would visit her with his family. They also corresponded off and on through letters. After high school they got back in touch when she sent him a graduation card, soon after he ended up back in West Virginia to work. Juanita then describes his birth story, and how his family suffered the loss of their house due to a fire. A neighbor helped salvage things in the fire one of those items being a picture of Juanita. They had to move into Juanita's old school house while the rebuilding of their house was underway. They lost touch for awhile, when her husband got a job at the cement plant mowing grass in Fairborn. While at work with his father one day she came up in conversation which sparked the revival of their relationship. So they began dating on the weekends he had off of work, but they only dated shortly before he proposed. Juanita always thought highly and often of him and his family, so as they sat together one night by a tree he proposed in a untraditional way. She agreed soon after, although her family was not very excited about her decision. One morning they decided to go get married, so they took Mayford and Wilma as witnesses to Gallipolis and got married. However, they did not get the chance to tell anyone since Mayford told everyone before they got the chance. Since the war was going on the drove to his house with flat tires since tires were sparse due to the war. Soon after he joined the military and was moving around for service which led to her not knowing of his whereabouts during Christmas. He had been put on the troop train, so she went off to the station with his father, and kissed her husband goodbye. She then got a short term job in Wright Patterson where she soldered lugs on wires. Soon after he was stationed in Mississippi (Biloxi) so she moved to be with him where she then worked at a restaurant to pay rent. She then became pregnant, and they both became homesick but were still content while he finished gunnery school. He was lucky enough to not be sent over seas, so when the war ended they moved back to Fairborn.

Keywords: 17; Biloxi, Mississippi; Dayton; Fairborn; Florida; Gallipolis; January; Jim; July 11th, 1982; July 1942; Louisiana; March; May; May 21st; Mayford; Ohio; Ravenswood; West Virginia; Wilma; Wright Patterson Airfield; Wright Patterson air force; agreement; army; baby; ball tour; base; birth of husband; brave; bride; bus; cards; cement; cement plant; child; church; communication; corresponding; cousin; dating; daughter; devastation; disapproval; discharged; economy; expectation; fairy; family; family history; farm; father-in-law; feelings; field; fire; first Christmas together; flat tires; flu; food; furlough; good life; graduation; groom; gunnery school; high school; home; husband; job; kiss; kiss goodbye; letters; life; lonely; longing; loss; loss of home; lucky; marriage; marry; missing home; money; mother-in-law; moving out; mowing grass; mystery; neighbors; newborn; no money; off and on; one sister; opinions; over seas; painful; patience; picture; position; pregnant; proposal; railroad; rent; restaurant; river; satisfaction; scared of judgement; school; school house; secrets; separate ways; service; seventh grade; shipment; shortage; shortage of tires; siblings; six brothers; solder lugs on wires; son; spring; stationed; story; suggestion; thoughts; trade; trading; traditional; travel; tree; troop train; troops; visited each other; waiting; war; war over; weekends; wires; work; write

Subjects: Agricultural extension work; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Church; Civil war; Country life; Family farms; Fire fighters; Food habits--Appalachian Region, Southern; Food service; Homelessness; Housewives; Housing development; Louisiana; Louisiana--Politics and government; Marriage; Married life; Military Service, Voluntary--United States; Mississippi--Social conditions; Ohio; Pregnancy; Restaurants; Rivers; United States. Army--Military life

00:43:46 - Juanita's Life in Ohio with Her Children and In-Laws

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Partial Transcript: So you lived in Ohio and had two youngsters. And he was in service in Florida. Was any of your family in Ohio? Who did you—-?

Segment Synopsis: Life in Ohio consisted of living her husbands parents. They built a bigger house, and has her third baby (two girls, one boy). She had her third baby in the drive way on the way to the hospital. Her husband was then being discharged, so he got a job at the field once again building houses this time. Her husband then bought a lot of land where he built another house which is where she lived until the kids grew up and left. Her husband unfortunately had a heart attack so they sold the house and moved into the more accessible house where she lives to this day.

Keywords: Fairborn; Fran; Melva; South Septer; Velma; born; built; built houses; car; children; constant; cord; corner; corner of Fran and South Septer; decisions; delivering; discharged; doctor; family; field work; girls; giving birth; home; house; job hunting; kids; land; lot; neighbor; pregnant; railroad track; retirement; searching; son; umbilical cord; uncertainty

Subjects: Agricultural laborers--Medical care; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Civil service--Retirement; Homemakers; Housewives; Pregnancy

00:47:53 - Juanita and Her Children

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Partial Transcript: So during the time that your children were young there was definitely no time for quilting but you did make some of their clothes?

Segment Synopsis: Juanita did not have time to quilt while she raised her children, but she did sew most of their clothes as they grew up. She speaks about how she made their dresses with the same patterns, but detailed them slightly different. When they got to high school they bought more of their clothes, but took up sewing their own dresses as well. However, her daughters did not seem to sew as many doll clothes as she did as a child. Next, she explains the way her husband would cook and clean often to give her time to quilt. Her daughters worked nearby so he would also often make them lunch. She states that he was very good about cleaning the kitchen.

Keywords: McKinley; Xenia; Yellow Springs; children; chores; clean; clothes; cook; craft; decoration; dishes; doll clothes; dolls; dresses; family hobby; grade school; homemade; husband; job school; kids; meals; memories; need; nest; pattern; quilt; quilting; ribbon; separate; sewing; skills; time; wonder

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Food service; Food service employees; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region

00:51:14 - Juanita's Appliqués and Quilt Patterns

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Partial Transcript: Do you remember what inspired you to make your first quilt after the kids left it was an appliqué quilt, right?

Segment Synopsis: Juanita's first quilt after her children left home was an appliqué quilt. While she does not recall the inspiration for it, she does take very much pride into the work she was able to put into it. She bought pattern kits from Herrschner's for her quilts. She has many books in her home that she often takes out to cut out patterns for quilts. Her piece quilts are mostly pieced by hand since she prefers sewing by hand rather than sewing machine. Her mother also pieced quilts to pass time after her husband passed. Her mother did give away her quilts, and even gave a few tops to Juanita for her to finish and keep. One of them being a Fan Quilt, that she kept for years before even working on them.

Keywords: Christmas; Dresden; Herrschner's; West Virginia; ability; appliqué; appliqué quilt; babies; busy; catalog; colorful; cross stitch; double wedding ring; dresses; fan quilt; flower quilt; garland of roses; give; hand; hand sewing; inspiration; kits; lone star; lone star quilt; loss of father; lost; magazines; mother; pass of time; past; patterns; piece; piece work; process; quilt books; quilt patterns; read; roses; scraps; sew machine; snowball; snowball quilt; stingy; teamwork; technique; tops; vision

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Historic preservation--Kentucky; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region

00:58:32 - Juanita Reusing Fabric and Quilt-Making Process

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Partial Transcript: What do you think the significance of using scraps and reusing fabric from clothing, what's the significance of that? Not, not all contemporary quilt makers do that these days.

Segment Synopsis: Juanita explains the significance of using scraps, as well as reusing clothing for quilts. She feels its a beautiful thing to be able to lay down with the memories of a person even after they have been gone for awhile. It means a lot to Juanita to be able to cherish these memories through her quilts. Seeing her own fabrics in her quilts seem to remind her of the other things she's made for herself or others. The first kit she bought for a quilt was called 'progress' for an appliqué quilt. This opened up so many more possibilities for her quilt making world. She speaks of working and studying she did to be able to work with all the little processes involved with using the kit. From pinning, to basing pieces she learned a lot different techniques to stitch her pieces needed for the final project. She has made several appliqué quilts with several different designs, they all hold a special place in her heart and mind however, the tree of life quilt seemed to be the most challenging quilt she had worked on. It also had a lot of embroidery, as well as, the garden of roses quilt which is very detailed. In the process she did the piece work first, then embroidered while doing the appliqué to avoid missing anything crucial.

Keywords: Magnolia; application; appliqué; appliqué quilt; base; border; contemporary; craft; cross-stitch; design; detail; edge; embroidery; fabric; family history; feed-sack; garland of roses; girls; hand work; history; iron; kit; material; memories; mind; pattern; piece; pin; purple; quality; quilt; relate; reminisce; reuse; sentiment; significance; skill; technique; think; thoughtful; thrift; time; tree of life; upcycle; wild daisy

Subjects: Appalachian Region--History; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region

01:07:26 - Juanita's Body of Work and Its Significance

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Partial Transcript: So when you, I I mean over time you have created a pretty serious body of work I mean you you have made a lot of heirloom quality quilts. What do you think—- what does quilting mean to you? I mean how how would your life be different if you didn't have this craft?

Segment Synopsis: Juanita has created a great collection of her art work. She talks about how she appreciates sewing and quilt making since it passes the time and is very enjoyable. She is very proud of her craftsmanship and likes to display her quilts at church where many people appreciate the skill, craft and beauty of her quilts. She also mentions that she is currently working on a quilt to take to church, that others are anticipating. Juanita also explains that she continues to learn the tricks of the trade with each quilt she makes. She wishes to keep making quilts until she passes or her eyesight passes.

Keywords: activity; art; bored; challenge; church; craft; exhibit; eye health; health; heirloom; hobby; initiative; learning; leisure; meaning; needle; photography; present; pride; quilt; read; show; skills; technique; thread; time; tradition

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Church history; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Church; Church history; Photography; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region

01:10:46 - Juanita's Perspective of the Future

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Partial Transcript: So today in home economics they don't necessarily-

Segment Synopsis: Juanita is disappointed that they dont teach home economics the way they used to since the younger generations are missing out on the novelty and skill of sewing. She feels that these basic skills that are lost will lead to a loss of a lot of things even if they dont realize they are losing it. She hopes that these younger generations continue to sew by hand, to continue on this creativity. She also explains why she is so resentful to give away her quilts to her children and grandchildren because she is scared that they wont take proper care of her quilts that she puts so much of herself and hard work into. She also does not feel she can decide which quilts to part with.

Keywords: 4 patch; 9 patch; Christmas; abuse; bag; basic; bedding; buttons; care; cases; character; course; evolving; family; favors; generations; gift; granddaughters; home economics; hope; issues; longing; loss; naïve; necessity; need; part; patience; personal; pets; point of view; quality; quilt; quilt rack; school; sew; spite; storage; system; teaching; technique; time; values; want; wonder

Subjects: Curriculum change; Curriculum planning; Family nursing; Future life; Home economics; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region

01:16:47 - Juanita's Thoughts on Her Quilts

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Partial Transcript: Do you think that seeing the ware on the quilt that you made while you were still in school sort of brought you to, to your thinking about your quilts? Most of them, they have not been washed at all, right?

Segment Synopsis: Juanita reflects on the ware and tear that has occurred to the quilt she made in high school. She has never washed most of quilts to preserve them especially since blankets eliminate the need to use quilts often. She is uncertain of how many more quilts she will make, but she looks forward to her next project which might be knotting a quilt to change her style a quilt a little. Each one of her frames are unique which results in unique quilts and creates unique memories for everyone. The frames are also claimed by one of her daughters but she is unsure if any of her other daughters want them to make quilts for their babies. She then speaks of how she learned how to safety pin her quilts to the muslin, since it makes the process faster than sewing or crocheting. As for her current thimble she uses, she explains that she want to Michael's and Stacie's wedding and wanted a souvenir. Never having a silver thimble before she felt it was fitting to have that particular thimble. She is very proud of it as well. In regards to sewing gear that has significance to Juanita she speaks of her sewing machine. While unable to remember where she received it she does remember that her mother got her a sewing machine that was a treadle. One year she also received a sewing machine from her husband for Christmas one year (a Sears Roebuck). She talks about using each one and the different features some of them have.

Keywords: Sears Roebuck; Singer; antique; clean; electric; grandmother; habits; heirlooms; history; humbleness; hygiene; machine; passing on to younger generations; quality; quilt; sewing; sewing machine; skill; stitch; threading; treadle; unique; usage; ware; wash

Subjects: Appalachian Region--History; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Handicraft--Appalachian Region; Historic preservation; Marriage; Married life; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region

01:32:41 - Juanita's Concluding Thoughts

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Partial Transcript: OK. I will be mindful. Is there anything else you would like to mention about your quilts?

Segment Synopsis: Juanita is proud of every single piece she has ever worked on. Her family is proud as well but dont seem to show the same interest in sewing, or quilting. Juanita usually fixes clothing items for them since the dont sew themselves. She then talks of the importance of having a hobby like quilting for retirement using Barb as an example. Barb sews and paints, Juanita wonders what hobby she will pick up since cleaning can become boring after awhile. She also expresses her enthusiasm and willingness to teach others with her own materials. However, she would never sell her craft or quilts like her grandmother did unless it were to become absolutely necessary. She ends with memories of her other grandmother who did amazing embroidery work. Juanita used to go over and help her from time to time. Her grandmother was very particular with her ironing for the embroidery, which taught her techniques to keep the embroidery stiff and the fabric shiny. Juanita also remembers the way her grandmother would use french knots to create beautiful dimensionality in her works. The appreciation for her family's works as well as her own is immense and Juanita hopes that the creativity passes on to future generations in her family.

Keywords: 9 patch; Shockey; Target; age; appreciation; apron; aspirations; beauty; boredom; busy; candle wicking; cleaning; creative; dimensionality; doilies; economic; embroidery; extra; family; french knots; generations; grandmother; grandparents; hand work; help; hobbies; house; importance; income; inherit; input; intricate; iron; knots; laundry; life; mindfulness; money; needles; painting; passing of time; passions; pretty; pride; proper; quilting; quilts; retirement; scarves; sell; set; sew; sharing; shopping; size; stained; starch; supplies; survival; technique; thimble; time; usage; work

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; City and town life; Handicraft--Appalachian Region; Quilting; Quilting--Appalachian Region