Charles Warfield Interview One

Antioch College
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1:24 - Segregation and Kalamazoo

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Partial Transcript: Being born and raised in Kalamazoo, do you remember what the racial makeup of your neighborhood was?

Keywords: black bottom; Kalamazoo; segregation

Subjects: African Americans--Segregation; Blacks--Segregation

2:13 - Father, Baptist Church, and Kalamazoo College

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Partial Transcript: My father was a Baptist Minister here in town.

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Warfield discusses the importance of his relationship with his father. He describes the connection between his father, a Baptist Minister, and Kalamazoo College.

Keywords: Baptist Church; Camp Furthest Out; Kalamazoo College

Subjects: African American churches; African American clergy; African Methodist Episcopal Church; American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.; American Baptist College; Baptist faith and message; Kalamazoo College

3:33 - Description of mother as a strong-willed, influential family member

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Partial Transcript: Are there any memories of your mother that stand out?

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Charles Warfield speaks of the importance of his mother, beginning by noting her being fair skinned and "much lighter than my father."

Keywords: importance of mother; mother; strong-willed mother

Subjects: African American families; African American mothers

6:42 - Migration of family North

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Partial Transcript: ...one of the things that often-times happened to black families would be that one group would come and establish themselves.

Segment Synopsis: In the interview, Dr. Warfield notes the movement of his family from South to North, i.e., their being a part of the Great Migration of black families.

Keywords: black families; black migration; Great Migration

Subjects: African American history; Migration, Internal--United States; Migration, Internal--United States--History--20th century

7:54 - Privileges of growing up a pastor's son

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Partial Transcript: My childhood was pretty good. Because I was the minister's son, and the Second Baptist Church was one of the two historical churches.

Segment Synopsis: He discusses the advantages of growing up as a Baptist Minister's son.

Keywords: African-American Episcopal Church; Allen Chapel; Baptist Church; First Baptist Church of Kalamazoo; Pastor Thomas Wiley; Second Baptist Church of Kalamazoo

Subjects: African American churches; African American clergy; African Methodist Episcopal Church; American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.; American Baptist College; Baptist faith and message

10:05 - Racial identity, father's storytelling, black baseball league

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Partial Transcript: What first memory comes to mind as first bringing to light your racial identity?

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Warfield is asked about what first brought to light his racial identity. He recalls his father's storytelling, trips to see the black baseball teams in Robbins, Illinois, and, among other things, notes the importance of the Chicago Defender.

Keywords: African American identity; Chicago area Negro League Baseball; Chicago Defender; Jackie Robinson; Langston Hughes; Langston Hughes and the Simple stories; Larry Doby; Mr. Booker and black newspapers; race; racial identity; Satchel Paige; storytelling

Subjects: African American periodicals; Black newspapers; Blacks--Periodicals; Blacks--Race Identity; Doby, Larry; Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967; Negro baseball leagues; Paige, Satchel, 1906-1982; Robinson, Jackie

13:31 - Growing up in the segregated Kalamazoo Public Schools, kindergarten through grade six

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Partial Transcript: So, growing--growing up then in Kalamazoo you were in the Kalamazoo Public School system?

Segment Synopsis: He notes the segregation of the Kalamazoo Public Schools.

Keywords: Lincoln School and Roosevelt School; segregation and public education; segregation and the Kalamazoo Public Schools

Subjects: Kalamazoo Public Schools; Segregation; Segregation in education

15:36 - Story of kindergarten teacher reading Little Black Sambo

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Partial Transcript: There was a book that caused a lot of controversy when I was in kindergarten, when I was in kindergarten. There was Little Black Sambo.

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Warfield recalls an incident when his kindergarten teacher read Little Black Sambo and asked members of the class to point to the person in class that "looks like Little Black Sambo."

Keywords: civil rights; lack of integration; Little Black Sambo; racial incident; racism

Subjects: African American mothers; Little Black Sambo; Racism; Racism in literature; Racism--Juvenile literature

17:48 - Integration of University High School, the campus school for Western Michigan University (WMU)

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Partial Transcript: Well, let me, let me speak a little bit about high school.

Segment Synopsis: He tells the story of his parents taking his brother and him out of the public school and being the first black student to integrate the University High School of Western Michigan University.

Keywords: integration; University High School; University High School of Western Michigan University; WMU

Subjects: School desegregation

24:56 - Involvement in social activism while attending the University of Oregon

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Partial Transcript: ...and I used to do a lot of that kind of stuff [marches and protests] myself because I went away to school to the University of Oregon.

Segment Synopsis: Shifting from his time in Kalamazoo, Dr. Warfield notes the revolutionary activities of the Students for a Democratic Society at the University of Oregon.

Keywords: Anti-war activism; civil rights; SDS; social activism; Students for a Democratic Society; University of Oregon

Subjects: Berkeley SDS (Organization); Black Panther Movement; Black Panther Party; SDS; Social action; Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.)

27:08 - Story of Warfield sitting on a box of hand grenades at an SDS meeting

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Partial Transcript: And these guys, well, they did not joke around.

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Warfield describes an incident when attending a meeting with members of the Students for a Democratic Society.

Keywords: civil rights period; SDS; student unrest during civil rights era; Students for a Democratic Society

Subjects: Berkeley SDS (Organization); Black Panther Movement; Black Panther Party; SDS; Social action; Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.)

29:45 - Warfield's leadership position on campus

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Partial Transcript: And so, because of who my brother was on campus, I got elevated quickly, to...a place higher in the hierarchy of the college campus.

Segment Synopsis: Warfield describes his part in the civil rights movement at the University of Oregon.

Keywords: Civil rights; civil rights movement; student activism; University of Oregon civil rights movement

Subjects: Civil Rights Movement; Civil Rights Movements; Social action

30:42 - Warfield's interaction with Dr. Arthur Pearl, engagement in Ph.D. Education program, and involvement with community programming

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Partial Transcript: ... I had a really great professor, who was my advisor. Name was Arthur Pearl....

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Warfield describes his graduate training in education with Dr. Arthur Pearl, involvement with Upward Bound, and work with Mexican-American youth.

Keywords: Arthur Pearl; graduate training in education; University of Oregon Ph.D. Education program

Subjects: Pearl, Arthur J., 1930-; University of Oregon. Upward Bound; Upward Bound Program (U.S.)

34:08 - Recruiting students for Upward Bound

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Partial Transcript: And my job--I was the director of the program; Upward Bound, you've probably heard of it.

Segment Synopsis: He describes his involvement with Indian, Mexican-American, and black students while working within his degree program at the University of Oregon.

Keywords: High School Equivalency Program; Upward bound

Subjects: University of Oregon. Upward Bound; Upward Bound Program (U.S.)

36:24 - Anti-war sit-ins and police brutality; University of California students seeking medical help at the University of Oregon

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Partial Transcript: ...the youngsters from the University of California, who sat in against the war, okay, they would block off the, the entrances to the recruiting places.

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Warfield relates the violent police response to anti-war protesters from the University of California (Berkeley) and how the University of Oregon served as a healing space for student activists.

Keywords: anti-war protests; anti-war sit-ins; Police brutality; SDS; Students for a Democratic Society; University of California

Subjects: Berkeley SDS (Organization); Police brutality; Police brutality--United States; Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.)

38:09 - Story of Warfield narrowly escaping SDS explosion

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Partial Transcript: But, and see, then, there was some pretty violent stuff that went on too...

Segment Synopsis: During his program at the University of Oregon, Dr. Warfield narrowly escaped a SDS bombing of a university building.

Keywords: anti-war protests; anti-war violence; SDS; Students for a Democratic Society; University of Oregon

Subjects: Berkeley SDS (Organization); SDS; Social action; Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.)

40:40 - Returning to and becoming involved in social activism / civil rights movement in Kalamazoo

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Partial Transcript: So after having all those radical experiences, and ... being exposed to all of those, the concepts of social justice and radical change, when you came back to Kalamazoo, how did you try and reintegrate [?]

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Warfield tells of his return to Kalamazoo after having been radicalized during his graduate years at the University of Oregon.

Keywords: civil rights movement; civil rights movement and Kalamazoo; Kalamazoo City Commission; social justice

Subjects: Civil Rights Movement; Civil Rights Movements; kalamazoo; Kalamazoo (Mich.); Kalamazoo (Mich.). Board of Education; Social action; Social activism; Social justice

46:49 - Van Avery Protest

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Partial Transcript: We picketed Van Avery's over there.

Segment Synopsis: He notes an especially important moment in Kalamazoo's civil rights history: the picketing of the white-owned Van Avery Drugstore. The business served the black neighborhoods (North side) of Kalamazoo yet did not hire black employees.

Keywords: civil rights protest; discrimination in employment; Kalamazoo; racism; Upjohn Company; Van Avery Protest

Subjects: Civil rights movement; Civil rights movements; Discrimination; Discrimination in employment; Race discrimination; Racism; Racism in the workplace; Racism--United States--History--20th century; Upjohn; Upjohn Company

49:03 - Discussion of his leadership in the Kalamazoo Community

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Partial Transcript: So, how do...all of these life experiences and all the activism you did, how do you incorporate that into your leadership positions today?

Segment Synopsis: He speaks of his many involvements and person-to-person interactions with those seeking advice concerning issues of social justice.

Keywords: African American leadership; black leadership; involvement with Hispanic American Council; Kalamazoo Chapter of the NAACP

Subjects: African American leadership; Hispanic American Council; NAACP; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

53:56 - Remarks on Kalamazoo College's rich history of social justice

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Partial Transcript: ...You know, one thing I gotta say, you don't have to tape this but Kalamazoo College has a rich history in social justice.

Segment Synopsis: Dr. Warfield ends with a brief comment on how Kalamazoo College students have been involved in community initiatives and social justice work.

Keywords: history of social justice and Kalamazoo College; Kalamazoo College and social justice

Subjects: Kalamazoo College; Social Justice